Athletes with a physical disability compete at the Summer Paralympics and the IPC Athletics World Championships.
The word athletics is derived from the Ancient Greek ἀθλητής (athlētēs, "combatant in public games") from ἆθλον (athlon, "prize") or ἆθλος (athlos, "competition").
The premier event of this competition was a running event, but various ancient Greek disciplines were also on display.
The 1796 Olympiade marked the introduction of the metric system into the sport.
and in 1840 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire at the Royal Shrewsbury School Hunt.
The Royal Military Academy at Woolwich held an organised competition in 1849, and a regular series of closed meetings open only to undergraduates, was held by Exeter College, Oxford from 1850.
The athletics meeting forms the backbone of the Summer Olympics.An international governing body, the International Amateur Athletics Federation (IAAF), was founded in 1912; it adopted its current name, the International Association of Athletics Federations, in 2001.The IAAF established separate outdoor World Championships in 1983.The first modern-style indoor athletics meetings were recorded shortly after in the 1860s, including a meet at Ashburnham Hall in London which featured four running events and a triple jump competition.The Amateur Athletic Association (AAA) was established in England in 1880 as the first national body for the sport of athletics and began holding its own annual athletics competition – the AAA Championships.
Athletics competitions also took place at other Panhellenic Games, which were founded later around 500 BC.