Still, the country was left in tatters from the war.
Korea suffered more attacks in 16, this time at the hands of the Manchus, who later conquered China.
In 1948, North Korea (the Democratic People's Republic of Korea) and South Korea (the Republic of Korea) were officially established.
North Korea is run by a Communist government, with Pyongyang as its capital city.
Mongolian forces invaded Koryo in 1231 and occupied the kingdom until 1368.
The Chinese Ming dynasty forced the Mongols back to the far north.
Western societies have traditionally viewed the Korean peninsula as a remote region of the world.
Improving upon earlier Chinese printing methods, Korea became the first country in the world to use movable cast metal type in 1234.
Together they are racially and linguistically homogeneous.
They are the ethnic descendants of a Tungusic branch of the Ural-Altaic family.
Yet it actually holds a central position on the globe, neighboring three major world powers—the former Soviet Union, China, and Japan.
At the end of World War II in 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union divided the peninsula along the 38th Parallel into two zones of occupation—a Soviet controlled region in the north and an American controlled one in the south.
The Yi regime emphasized hierarchical relationships, with highest respect given to family elders, the monarch, and China as the older, more established country.