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Bur xxx

The succession of King Alfonso's younger brother, Ramiro II, as king of Aragon in 1134 marked a reversal.

Navarre refused to accept his authority, and a descendant of the previous dynasty was installed as king of Navarre.

It lay east of the kingdom of Pamplona/Navarre, west of the county of Sobrarbe, and north of the so-called Frontera Superior of the Muslim controlled area of the Iberian peninsular.

As suggested below in Chapter 1, there are indications in primary source documentation that the first known count Aznar Galndez may have been installed as ruler in the territory by the Carolingian Franks.

Ramiro I King of Aragon defeated his half-brother Gonzalo in 1045 and annexed his territories to Aragon, representing the first notable increase in the kingdoms territorial area.

King Ramiro constructed a series of fortifications/fortress towns along the southern frontier of his kingdom to protect from Muslim incursions (described in more detail in Chapter 5. Ramiro's son and successor, Sancho I King of Aragon exacted tribute from the Muslim leaders of Huesca, Tudela and Zaragoza, and conquered territory in the valley of the river Cinca, around Alquezar (1085), Estada (1087) and Monzn (1089) to the south of Sobrarbe in the eastern part of his kingdom.

Galindo Garca, shown above, on the basis of his patronymic.

In 1076, Sancho also succeeded as king of Navarre, after the murder of his cousin Sancho IV King of Navarre.

By the early 10th century, no further references to the French kings are found in Aragonese charters which refer exclusively to the reigns of the kings of Pamplona/Navarre who by that time presumably enjoyed suzerainty over the county of Aragon.

The main religious centre of Aragon was the Benedictine monastery of San Pedro de Siresa, founded in the early ninth century, although the monastery of San Juan de la Pea became the most important Aragonese religious institution in the tenth century, a series of texts probably written shortly before 992 almost certainly in Navarre.

The kingdom of Aragon started from small beginnings.

The original county of Aragon evolved in the early 9th century in a small area, covering about 600 square kilometres, in the valley of the river Aragon around Jaca, in the extreme north of what later became the Aragonese kingdom.

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The name of his son Centulio suggests a connection with the family of the vicomtes de Barn (see the document GASCONY).

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