In 1913 the Hejaz Railway Station was opened in central Damascus as the starting point of the line.
After the fall of the Ottoman Empire the railway did not reopen south of the Jordanian-Saudi Arabian border.
This mosque was built on the place where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to perform Salat Al-Eid and Salat Al-Istesqa’a for a long time. The Quba Mosque (Masjid al-Quba (مسجد قباء) or Quba’ Masjid) in Medina, is the oldest mosque in the world.
Its first stones were positioned by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) on his emigration from Mecca to Madina and the mosque was completed by his companions.
The mosque was built by the Caliph Umar bin Abdulaziz when he was prince of Madinah and renewed during the Abbassid and Ottoman eras.The Meccans’ cavalry was unable to climb the slopes of Uhud, so the fighting stopped.The Prophet (s.a.w.) gathered his men together, rebuked them for their folly, exhorted them to obey orders in future, and led the chastened Medinites out to face the victorious Meccans once more.The railway reached Medina on September 1, 1908, the anniversary of the Ottoman Sultan’s accession.Compromises had to be made in order to finish by this date, with some sections of track being laid on temporary embankments across wadis.
These three mosques are also very close to each other.