At this point, the boundaries of Queens County and the Borough of Queens became coterminous.
With consolidation, Jamaica once again became the county seat, though county offices now extend to nearby Kew Gardens also.
Coterminous with Queens County since 1899, the borough of Queens is the second-largest in population (after Brooklyn), with a census-estimated 2,333,054 residents in 2016, Queens County also is the second-most populous county in the U. state of New York, behind the neighboring borough of Brooklyn, which is coterminous with Kings County.
Queens is the fourth-most densely populated county among New York City's boroughs, as well as in the United States.
Queens has the most diversified economy of the five boroughs of New York City.
Other early settlements included Newtown (now Elmhurst) and Jamaica.The county was founded alongside Kings County (Brooklyn, which was named after her husband, King Charles II), and Richmond County (Staten Island, named after his illegitimate son, the 1st Duke of Richmond).Queens played a minor role in the American Revolution, as compared to Brooklyn, where the Battle of Long Island was largely fought.In 1870, Long Island City split from the Town of Newtown, incorporating itself as a city, consisting of what had been the Village of Astoria and some unincorporated areas within the Town of Newtown.Around 1874, the seat of county government was moved to Long Island City from Mineola.
The borough's administrative and court buildings are presently located in Kew Gardens and downtown Jamaica respectively, two neighborhoods that were villages of the former Town of Jamaica.