The evangelist adapted Philo's description of the Logos, applying it to Jesus, the incarnation of the Logos. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures of Jehovah's Witnesses has "The Word was with God, and the Word was a god." The Scholars Version of the gospel, developed by the Jesus Seminar, loosely translates the phrase as "The Logos was what God was," offered as a better representation of the original meaning of the evangelist.
John quotes from them directly, references important figures from them, and uses narratives from them as the basis for several of the discourses.
the teachings of Jesus found in the synoptic gospels are very different from those recorded in John, and since the 19th century some scholars have argued that these discourses in Johannine style are less likely to be historical, and more likely to have been written for theological purposes.
It has become generally accepted that certain sayings in John are as old or older than their synoptic counterparts.
Romans 1 Corinthians · 2 Corinthians Galatians · Ephesians Philippians · Colossians 1 Thessalonians · 2 Thessalonians 1 Timothy · 2 Timothy Titus · Philemon Hebrews · James 1 Peter · 2 Peter 1 John · 2 John · 3 John Jude; also called the Gospel of John, the Fourth Gospel, or simply John) is one of the four canonical gospels in the New Testament.
It traditionally appears fourth, after the Synoptic Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.
In this sense, it was similar to the Hebrew concept of Wisdom, God's companion and intimate helper in creation.