The fall line is the spot where a river becomes unnavigable when sailing upstream and where falling water downstream cannot power a mill.
State Senator John Lewis Gervais of the town of Ninety Six introduced a bill that was approved by the legislature on March 22, 1786, to create a new state capital.
Three main issues occupied most of their time: public drunkenness, gambling, and poor sanitation.
As one of the first planned cities in the United States, Columbia began to grow rapidly.
In May 1540, a Spanish expedition led by Hernando de Soto traversed what is now Columbia while moving northward.
The expedition produced the earliest written historical records of the area, which was part of the regional Cofitachequi chiefdom.
Columbia is home to the University of South Carolina, the state's flagship university and the largest in the state, and is also the site of Fort Jackson, the largest United States Army installation for Basic Combat Training.
The city serves as the county seat of Richland County, and a portion of the city extends into neighboring Lexington County. The name Columbia is a poetic term used for the United States, originating from the name of Christopher Columbus.
It is the center of the Columbia metropolitan statistical area, which had a population of 767,598 as of the 2010 United States Census, growing to 817,488 by July 1, 2016, according to 2015 U. The city is located approximately 13 miles (21 km) northwest of the geographic center of South Carolina, and is the primary city of the Midlands region of the state.
There was considerable argument over the name for the new city.
According to published accounts, Senator Gervais said he hoped that "in this town we should find refuge under the wings of COLUMBIA", for that was the name which he wished it to be called.