Rising ethnic and political tensions, along with ethnic riots in 1956, 1958, 1977, 19, led to the formation and strengthening of militant groups advocating independence for Tamils.
The ensuing civil war resulted in the deaths of more than 100,000 people and the forced disappearance of thousands of others.
Mention is made in literary sources of Tamil rulers bringing horses to the island in water craft in the second century BCE, most likely arriving at Kudiramalai.
Historical records establish that Tamil kingdoms in modern India were closely involved in the island's affairs from about the 2nd century BCE.
Bearing a remarkable resemblance to burials in the Early Pandyan Kingdom, these sites were established between the 5th century BCE and 2nd century CE.
Excavated ceramic sequences similar to that of Arikamedu were found in Kandarodai (Kadiramalai) on the north coast, dated to 1300 BCE.
Art Animation Comedy Cool Commercials Entertainment How To Music & Dance News & Events People & Stories Pets & Animals Science & Tech Sports Travel & Outdoors Video Games Wheels & Wings Other 18 Only Fashion Art Animation Comedy Cool Commercials Entertainment How To Music & Dance News & Events People & Stories Pets & Animals Science & Tech Sports Travel & Outdoors Video Games Wheels & Wings Other 18 Only Fashion The Deceased Lactate Product Delivery Personnel, greatest Dead Milkmen tribute band EVAR, doing one of the greatest DM songs EVAR, live on Halloween '06 at the Jinx in Savannah Georgia.
Tamil Australians, French Tamils, British Tamils, Tamil Italians, Tamil Indonesians, Tamil Canadians, Tamil Americans, Tamil South Africans, Myanmar Tamils, Tamil Mauritians, Tamil Germans, Tamil Pakistanis, Tamil Seychellois, Tamil New Zealanders, Swiss Tamils in Tamil, are members of the Tamil ethnic group native to the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka.
Theories about Tamil people's presence in Sri Lanka feed into the cycle of ethnic conflict.
Sri Lankan Tamil dialects are noted for their archaism and retention of words not in everyday use in the Tamil Nadu state in India.
Since Sri Lanka gained independence from Britain in 1948, relations between the majority Sinhalese and minority Tamil communities have been strained.
Epigraphic evidence shows people identifying themselves as Damelas or Damedas (the Prakrit word for Tamil people) in Anuradhapura, the capital city of Rajarata the middle kingdom, and other areas of Sri Lanka as early as the 2nd century BCE.
Excavations in the area of Tissamaharama in southern Sri Lanka have unearthed locally issued coins, produced between the 2nd century BCE and the 2nd century CE, some of which carry local Tamil personal names written in early Tamil characters, Two of the five ancient inscriptions referring to the Damedas (Tamils) are in Periya Pullyakulam in the Vavuniya District, one is in Seruvavila in Trincomalee District, one is in Kuduvil in Ampara District and one is in Anuradhapura.